Results of a hydroxyapatite-coated (Furlong) total hip replacement : A 13 to 15 Year Follow-Up
A. A. Shetty, R. Slack, A. Tindall, K. D. James, C. Rand
Category: Furlong Clinical Results
From Medway Maritime Hospital
We describe the survival of 134 consecutive JRI Furlong hydroxyapatite-coated uncemented total hip replacements. The mean follow-up was for 14.2 years (13 to 15).
Patients were assessed clinically, using the Merle d’Aubigné and Postel score. Radiographs were evaluated using Gruen zones for the stem and DeLee and Charnley zones for the cup. Signs of subsidence, radiolucent lines, endosteal bone formation (spot welds) and pedestal formation were used to assess fixation and stability of the stem according to Engh’s criteria. Cup angle, migration and radiolucency were used to assess loosening of the cup. The criteria for failure were revision, or impending revision because of pain or loosening. Survival analysis was performed using a life table and the Kaplan-Meier curve.
The mean total Merle d’Aubigné and Postel score was 7.4 pre-operatively and 15.9 at follow-up. During the study period 22 patients died and six were lost to follow-up. None of the cups was revised. One stem was revised for a periprosthetic fracture following a fall but none was revised for loosening, giving a 99% survival at 13 years. Our findings suggest that the long-term results of these hydroxyapatite-coated prostheses are more than satisfactory.
Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, August 2005
J Bone Joint Surg (Br) 2005;87-B:1050-4.