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Hydroxyapatite-ceramic-coated femoral stems in revision hip surgery

S. P. Trikha, S. Singh, O. W. Raynham, J. C. Lewis, P. A. Mitchell, A. J. Edge

Category: Furlong Clinical Results

From Worthing & Southlands NHS Trust

Abstract

We describe the clinical and radiological results of 120 consecutive revision hip replacements in 107 patients, using the JRI Furlong hydroxyapatite-ceramic-coated femoral component. The mean age of the patients at operation was 71 years (36 to 92) and the mean length of follow-up 8.0 years (5.0 to 12.4). We included patients on whom previous revision hip surgery had taken place. The patients were independently reviewed and scored using the Harris hip score, the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities osteoarthritis index (WOMAC) and the Charnley modification of the Merle d’Aubigné and Postel score. Radiographs were assessed by three reviewers for the formation of new bone, osteolysis, osseointegration and radiolucent lines in each Gruen zone.

The mean Harris hip score was 85.8 (42 to 100) at the latest post-operative review. The mean WOMAC and Merle d’Aubigné and Postel scores were 34.5 and 14.8, respectively. The mean visual analogue score for pain (possible range 0 to 10) was 1.2 overall, but 0.5 specifically for mid-thigh pain. There were no revisions of the femoral component for aseptic loosening. There were four re-revisions, three for infection and one for recurrent dislocation. Radiological review of all the femoral components, including the four re-revisions showed stable bony ingrowth and no new radiolucent lines in any zone. Using revision or impending revision for aseptic loosening as an end-point, the cumulative survival of the femoral component at ten years was 100% (95% confidence interval 94 to 100). We present excellent medium- to long-term clinical, radiological and survivorship results with the fully hydroxyapatite-ceramic-coated femoral component in revision hip surgery.

Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, August 2005
J Bone Joint Surg (Br) 2005;87-B:1055-60